Former Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav died at 82: Biography

Former Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav is a well-known Indian politician figure. He is the founder of the Samajwadi Party (SP) and became the first president of the Samajwadi Party (SP). He became three terms as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh state (1989–91, 1993–95, and 2003–07). He died

Mulayam Singh Yadav Stats

Date of Birth: November 22, 1939

Died: October 10, 2022 (aged 82)
Gurugram, Haryana, India

Birth Place: Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh

Nickname: Neta Ji

Nationality: Indian

Profession: Politician

Party: Samajwadi Party

Education: Masters in Arts (Political Science) from Agra University in 1968

Political Debut: In 1967, when he was elected Member of the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh.

Family

Father: Late Sughar Singh

Mother: Murti Devi

Brother: Shiv Pal Singh Yadav
Ram Gopal Yadav (Cousin)

Dimple Yadav (Daughter in law)

Sister: Kamla Devi Yadav

Wife: First Wife – Malti Devi (died on May 27, 2003)
Second Wife – Sadhana Gupta (died on July 09, 2022)

Sons: Akhilesh Yadav (Politician), Prateek Yadav (Bussiness Man)

Religion: Hinduism

Cast: OBC (Other Backward Class)

Mulayam Singh Yadav Early Life

Yadav, one of six children, was nurtured in a low-income agricultural family close to Etawah in what is now west-central Uttar Pradesh. Although he went to college and eventually earned a master’s in political science from Agra University, his first career goal was to be a wrestler. At the age of 15, when he came across the writings of the Indian socialist Ram Manohar Lohia, he became active in politics. Yadav’s actions based on those principles marked his subsequent political career. Lohia’s beliefs about the equality of peoples and other social justice issues had a significant impact on Yadav’s ideas about defending the rights of lower-caste Hindus and the minority Muslim population.

Mulayam Singh Yadav Political Career

When Yadav secured a seat in the lower house of the Uttar Pradesh state legislative assembly in 1967, it was his first electoral success. He was reelected in 1974, but his term was cut short when he was detained for 19 months in 1975 while Prime Minister Indira Gandhi imposed a national state of emergency. He was one of the opposition politicians detained during this time. He ran for reelection to the assembly in 1977 after being freed.

Yadav also rose to the position of Lok Dal (People’s Party) president in Uttar Pradesh in 1977. He led the Lok Dal-B faction in the state later that year, following the division of that party. After being chosen as the state’s Janata Dal (JD; also known as the People’s Party) president in 1980, Yadav lost his attempt for reelection to the lower house of the state assembly later that year. He did, however, succeed in winning a seat in the upper chamber of the legislature in 1982, where he led the opposition until 1985. In 1985, Yadav was once more voted to the lower-house legislature, where he served as the leader of the opposition until 1987.

In 1989, Yadav and the JD won the contest for the lower house of the state legislature. With the help of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the JD went on to form a government, with Yadav serving as the chief minister. However, the BJP withdrew its support in 1990 as a result of a clash between police and right-wing Hindus occupying the Babri Masjid at Ayodhya. With assistance from the Indian National Congress (Congress Party), Yadav’s administration did continue into 1991; however, after that support was also removed, the BJP took power.

Yadav found new political life after the 16th-century Babri mosque was destroyed by Hindu right-wing activists in December 1992 and bloody rioting ensued. He and his newly formed Samajwadi Party (founded in October 1992) emerged as advocates for the Muslims, who credited him with supporting them when the Congress government in New Delhi failed to protect the mosque. In the November 1993 assembly polling in Uttar Pradesh, the SP won enough seats to form a coalition government, and the following month Yadav again became chief minister. The pro-Dalit (“untouchable”) Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) took over the administration after the alliance broke up in 1995, and his tenure this time lasted less than two years. A period of ferocious political rivalry between the two parties as well as between Yadav and BSP leader Kumari Mayawati began as a result of that action.

After the 16th-century Babri mosque was destroyed by Hindu right-wing militants in December 1992, which was followed by violent rioting, Yadav discovered a new political life. He and the Samajwadi Party, which had just been founded in October 1992, became known as supporters of Muslims after the Congress administration in New Delhi failed to defend the mosque. The SP gained enough seats in the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections in November 1993 to establish a coalition government, and Yadav was re-elected chief minister the following month. The pro-Dalit (“untouchable”) Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) took over the administration after the alliance broke up in 1995, and his tenure this time lasted less than two years. A period of ferocious political rivalry between the two parties as well as between Yadav and BSP leader Kumari Mayawati began as a result of that action.

Yadav moved his focus to the federal political scene after his party was kicked out of Uttar Pradesh’s state government. He was elected to the Lok Sabha (the national parliament’s lower chamber) in 1996, and he nearly became India’s prime minister. However, JD’s H.D. Deve Gowda, who had become the United Front (UF) coalition government’s consensus nominee, outperformed him in that attempt (of which SP was a member). Yadav decided to serve as the UF government’s minister of defense, serving in that capacity until the beginning of 1998. In 1998 and 1999, he was chosen to serve in the Lok Sabha again.

In the 2002 Uttar Pradesh assembly elections, the SP staged a stunning return, winning a majority of seats but not all of them. But after a brief BSP-BJP coalition government fell apart in 2003, the SP cobbled together its ruling alliance, and Yadav was elected chief minister for the third time. Yadav served as the opposition leader in the legislature (2007–09) after the BSP humiliated the SP in the state assembly elections in 2007, and he was then re-elected to the Lok Sabha in 2009. The SP completely prevailed in the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections at the beginning of 2012. Yadav continued to remain the party’s head, but he resigned so that his son, Akhilesh Yadav, could take over as governor of the state.

FAQ

When Mulayam Singh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh first time?

Mulayam Singh Yadav became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh state first time in 1989.

When did Mulayam Singh Yadav born?

Mulayam Singh Yadav born on November 22, 1939 at Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh.

Where did Mulayam Singh Yadav die?

Mulayam Singh Yadav died on October 10, 2022 in Gurugram, Haryana at the age of 82.

Leave a Comment